How most to make a site?
The information placed here, can help you as at
creation of a simple personal page, and at designing the big site with
(Translation from Russian)
The main tags
The allocated server
For this purpose any is necessary to us HTML the editor, but it
is better to take good:
Microsoft Office FrontPage or
Both these the editor allow to see and edit simultaneously and HTML a code and its display. To master any of these editors simply.
The editor from Macromedia professionals usually prefer.
Write and issue the text of a page,
add pictures and save in any folder.
The file of yours main pages should be called index.htm or index.html.
Other pages you can name somehow, the type of a file should be .htm or .html. In
a name use only latin symbols of the bottom register.
For your breakdown a web of page on various areas use the table
with thickness of border of cells equal 0.
If on your site it is a lot of pictures, pay attention to program Web Image Guru. By means of this program you can compress the JPG images in some times without loss of quality.
Almost same result of job with compression of images you receive and in the main
program a web of designer
The main tags
Very seldom happens, that the site consists all of one
page. For certain and you want to make or already have made some pages.
Let's try check up, whether correctly we have gathered all. In a folder of
your site files of all your pages and pictures should lay. Click in an
explorer or the file manager on your main page with the
name index. Try to pass under the link to your second page. Even, if
the page has opened, check up all your links. So, for example the link to page
page2.html should look approximately so
href = "page2.html" target = " _ blank ">. If so-called before
index.html you have something clean all
superfluous. If you wish to open the link in a current window, clean also
target = " _ blank ".
Check up links to your pictures. The link to
a picture image.jpg can look approximately so
<img src = "image.jpg" border = "0" width = "200"
height = "100">. Parameters width and
height certainly can be others. If the
picture lays in the same folder, as pages everything, that is so-called before
image.jpg need to be cleaned.
To avoid in the future of the problems connected by that any link will be non-working, track, that all names
of files consisted everywhere only of capital letters. If it not so rename
files of pages and pictures, and also edit if necessary all links.
Now your site needs to be placed on the
Internet that any person who knows the electronic address of your site, could come on
your page. The free-of-charge hosting without an opportunity of performance of
scripts is offered with many post services and search engines, for example:
narod.yandex.ru. At desire it is possible to find a free-of-charge hosting with support of performance PHP
of scripts and database MySQL,
for example: fatal.ru.
The truth on a free-of-charge hosting usually shows advertising a hosting of the provider.
All a hosting providers usually
give the detailed instruction on adjustment and management of the site.
On the majority of servers it is given to clients convenient cPanel and you from
the browser can directly adjust mail and the virtual server.
In the panel of administration of a virtual hosting usually there
is a built in file manager, but for convenient çàêà÷êè files on a server, the
client is better to use FTP. The popular manager of files Total
the client has convenient built in FTP. Adjustments FTP
of accounts of this program are stored in a file c: \windows
After your site is placed on the Internet to you certainly it will want, that on it visitors went. Before everywhere registering the site, it it is necessary to lead necessary for search engines and catalogues to a kind. There is a set of sites on which process of optimization and promotion of a site is in details described, for example: addweb.ru, 1ps.ru, raskrutka.org.
Bring in meta-tag Description the description of page. Try to make this description, better, than at your competitors.
Though meta-tag Keywords now practically is not used, just in case fill also it. It is useful to look, as these tags at your competitors are filled. For this purpose look an initial code of their pages. It can be made in any browser, having chosen corresponding item of the menu at a clique on page the right button of the mouse.
Search engines appreciate the sites rich with the information maintenance. It is necessary to aspire to increase in text filling a site. Optimum it is necessary to consider the pages containing 500-3000 words or 2-20 Kb. The text (from 2 up to 20 thousand symbols). Keywords and phrases should meet in the text at least 3-4
times or should borrow 5-7 % of density from the general volume of page.
Register the site in popular search engines and catalogues: Google, Yandex, DMOZ and others.
Begin discussion of the subject at forums.
The exchange of thematic links with other sites will lift your index of citing in opinion of search engines.
There are various programs which will help you to untwist the site, it: AllSubmitter, AddSite, SeMonitor.
At accommodation of a site on any hosting
the name for your site in a domain zone of the provider,
for example, mysite.fatal.ru will be offered to you. For some time you it is possible and
will arrange, but after a while you probably want to replace the provider, and
the address of your site will accordingly be replaced. Thus you can lose the
visitors who will try to come on your old address. To
have an opportunity to change the provider it is possible to buy to itself a domain name. It
is not obligatory to buy to itself dear domain name for 20 c.u. a year in
a zone .RU. In area 7 c.u. a
year it is possible to get a domain name in domain zones: .COM,
.NET, .ORG, .NAME. there is a great variety of firms which carry
out registration of domain names, for example:
webnames.ru. We also can register on
you a domain name zones:
msk.ru, spb.ru or a domain zone of any other city
.ru all for 1 c.u. for unlimited term.
It is not necessary to get a hosting and a domain name at the
same providers, despite of offered discounts. In the future if you want to
replace the provider your current provider will tighten in every possible way translation
process of a domain name in other place and for some time your site it
can appear disabled.
Probably, that through any time your project
will start to grow for frameworks of a free-of-charge hosting, to you will bother to show another's
advertising and you will look for to itself a hosting with an opportunity of performance of
scripts and support of databases. In total for 1 c.u. a month you without special work can
find a good place for the small project or for 4 c.u. for the
project more. Providers
as Are worthy for example such a hosting:
To create sites with use
PHP of scripts it is enough to have such software
Last versions of the program, except for built in HTTP
a server and the debugger integrated by the editor, includes
sets PHP4, PHP5 and
constant check of a code on syntactic mistakes.
To have an opportunity local
PHP to a script to send mail, it is necessary to find a
file php.ini. Then to find a line beginning with SMTP = and instead
of localhost, to write the address of the mail server,
for example, a mail server of the provider.
On the Internet there
is a set of sites and forums which can help to start to use to
you PHP scripts on the site, for example:
At all not being the programmer, you can use on the site ready
PHP scripts, for example: counters, guest
books, forums, etc.
For example, it is absolutely easy to put on the site a
popular forum phpBB.
If you wish to have an opportunity of editing of the pages directly from the site, pay attention on visual HTML editor TinyMC. Certainly personally he is not necessary to you, but if your site will be administered by other users, they will be happy. There are also convenient plug-ins for this editor: MCFileMahager and MCImageManager.
It would be desirable to mention also a set of scripts GeoIP which allow to define from what country and from what city the visitor has come to you. The only thing that can frighten off you from use of this product - the big file of a database of cities, about 25 Mb.
Are much less often used Perl and
With PHP scripts it is very
easy to use database
MySQL. Since 5-th
version this database supports such means SQL,
as: VIEW, PROCEDURE, FUNCTION, TRIGGER. This server
is very easily established under any operational system, including and under
Windows. Only after installation of a database do
not forget to start MySQL Administrator.
For job with a database the provider usually gives
software product under name PhpMyAdmin. But for
professional job with MySQL it is better to
Usually providers open access to a database only for
localhost and scripts on the server. But last
versions of this remarkable program allow to work with a database on a
server of the provider through HTTP or
SSH the tunnel. If there is an opportunity, it
is better to use last variant since at HTTP
tunneling SQLyog incorrectly codes symbols of cyrillics. Adjustments of accounts of this program are stored
in a file sqlyog.ini, located in a folder of the program.
If you pass on SQLyog with PHPmyAdmin probably you will be
surprised with absence in this program of search on a database. Do not despair,
execute SQL inquiry like
select * from ` table_name ` where ` field_name ` like ' %context % ' limit
Instead of table_name, field_name and context certainly it is necessary to
substitute a name of the table, a name of a field and a line of search. Other databases, for
example Postgre are sometimes used.
For convenience of testing of own site
conveniently when by the local machine there is a web-server, about same, as at
the provider. For beginning or lazy the web-masters exists
the project "Denwer".
It is Enough to start this installer and at you appears completely
adjusted: a web server Apache,
MySQL, PHP, kernel Perl. For addition to system
of the site it is enough to add to this system a folder with files of the site.
It is possible to establish manually server
Perl and to adjust all this facilities how it is necessary for you.
It is possible to find set of clauses In the Internet with instructions of step-by-step adjustment
of a local server, for example:
Installation of server Apache 2.2 under
Windows XP or
Installation of a server the Apache or
Installation Apache on a house computer with
Windows. And though will
have will tinker, before at you all will earn, but then it
will be possible to establish any versions of the server software and all job
of a local server will be is under your control.
That on your local server instructions from files .htaccess worked is necessary to find a file
httpd.conf. Then to find lines AllowOverride None and to replace them on
AllowOverride All. That on a local server worked mod_rewrite, do not forget in the same file uncomment a line with mod_rewrite. To have opportunity PHP to a script to work with
AuthType Basic establish PHP as module Apache, otherwise yours PHP the script never will receive values $ _SERVER [' PHP_AUTH_USER '] and $ _SERVER [' PHP_AUTH_PW '].
The allocated server
Probably, after you will get the hand in
adjustment of a local server, you will want to make the same and on a server on
the Internet. For quite comprehensible payment, from 6 c.u. a month you can receive in
the order the virtual allocated server (VDS/VPS)
with root access. The inexpensive and worthy
Under projects greater and dear the Internet usually rent
at the provider the whole computer. This pleasure can manage to you from
80 c.u. a month and more. The truth to administer it to you will have independently or in
addition to pay for administration.